What are Parathyroids?

What are Parathyroids?

The parathyroid glands lie just behind the thyroid glands in the neck. The parathyroid glands (light pink) produce parathyroid hormone, which increases levels of calcium in the blood. The parathyroid glands are small pea-sized glands located in the neck just behind the butterfly-shaped thyroid gland.

Where are your Parathyroids located?

The parathyroid glands are two pairs of small, oval-shaped glands. They are located next to the two thyroid gland lobes in the neck.

Why would a parathyroid need to be removed?

Your doctor may recommend the removal of the parathyroid gland if the gland is producing too much parathyroid hormone (PTH), which is a condition known as hyperparathyroidism. This can happen due to a noncancerous (benign) tumor, known as parathyroid adenoma, or a malignant tumor or cancer of the parathyroid.

Can parathyroid disease cause sore throat?

Dysphagia, neck discomfort and sore throat are among common symptoms of parathyroid adenoma. Reports reveal that pain, swelling, tenderness in anterior neck, dysphagia, hoarseness, and ecchymosis are among the usual presentations of parathyroid adenoma.

What do you need to know about the parathyroid glands?

Parathyroid Gland Introduction 1 Parathyroid glands are four small glands of… 2 Parathyroid glands control the calcium levels in our blood,… 3 Parathyroid glands (we all have 4 of them)… 4 The Role of Calcium in the Human Body… and how the Parathyroid Glands…

How big is a tumor if you have parathyroid disease?

If you have parathyroid disease, you very likely have 3 normal parathyroid glands the size of a grain of rice and one parathyroid tumor that is as big as an olive, grape, or even a walnut. If you have parathyroid disease (hyperparathyroidism) you will need an operation to remove the one parathyroid gland which has become a tumor.

Can a CT scan show an enlarged parathyroid gland?

It can also show a gland that is not in the normal position (ectopic parathyroid gland), anywhere from the upper neck and all the way down into the chest. The 4D parathyroid CT scan is able to identify an enlarged parathyroid better then the other scans mentioned on this page. However, it also exposes the patient to the highest dose of radiation.

Which is the most accurate 4D parathyroid CT scan?

4D Parathyroid CT Scan. It is the most accurate of the localization studies. It works based on the fact that abnormal parathyroid glands have more blood flowing through them then normal glands, and also the blood passes through the abnormal parathyroid gland at a different rate then the thyroid gland and lymph nodes.