How are mitochondria and chloroplast similar and different?

How are mitochondria and chloroplast similar and different?

Both the chloroplast and the mitochondrion are organelles found in the cells of plants, but only mitochondria are found in animal cells. The function of chloroplasts and mitochondria is to generate energy for the cells in which they live. The structure of both organelle types includes an inner and an outer membrane.

What is the difference between mitochondria and mitochondria?

The only difference between mitochondria and mitochondrion is that mitochondrion is singular, and mitochondria is the plural form of the word.

What are the structural and functional similarities and differences between mitochondria and chloroplast?

Chloroplasts are very similar to mitochondria, but are found only in the cells of plants and some algae. … Like the mitochondria, the chloroplast has an inner and outer membrane. Inside those membranes are its different parts, which include thylakoids and stroma.

Which is bigger chloroplast or mitochondria?

The genomes of chloroplasts are similar to those of mitochondria in that they consist of circular DNA molecules present in multiple copies per organelle. However, chloroplast genomes are larger and more complex than those of mitochondria, ranging from 120 to 160 kb and containing approximately 120 genes.